堵塞苏伊士运河货轮船身摆正

2021-03-30 07:00:51 来源:网络 作者:贼6

3月23日,一艘悬挂巴拿马国旗的重型货轮在苏伊士运河搁浅,造成航道拥堵,目前依然停航。

据了解,全球每天有近三分之一的集装箱货船通过苏伊士运河,目前等待通过的船只已多达369艘。

A giant container ship remained stuck sideways in Egypt's Suez Canal for a fifth day on Saturday, as authorities attempted to free the vessel and reopen a crucial waterway whose blockage is disrupting global shipping and trade.

堵塞苏伊士运河货轮船身摆正

卫星图片显示货轮搁浅情况,船头朝东北,船尾朝西南 图源:央视新闻

货轮船身已摆正

脱困时间无法确定

据报道,这艘由中国台湾地区长荣海运集团运营的搁浅货轮“长赐”号长度约400米、宽度约59米,运输能力为22.4万吨,是世界上最庞大的集装箱巨轮之一,于23日进入苏伊士运河新航道时搁浅。

关于货轮搁浅的原因,苏伊士运河管理局主席拉比耶介绍,除了最初提到的沙尘暴和强风天气,还可能有货轮的技术故障和人为因素等原因。

The 400-meter-long Ever Given ran aground diagonally across the single-lane stretch of the southern canal on Tuesday morning after losing the ability to steer amid high winds and a dust storm, the Suez Canal Authority said in a statement.

堵塞苏伊士运河货轮船身摆正

图源:央视新闻

埃及方面已经为搁浅的货轮制定了多套救援预案,但无法确定货轮什么时候能够脱困。

据路透社最新报道,经过近一周的救援,当前货轮船身已经摆正。

The SCA said Ever Given has been straightened in the canal and further tugging operations would resume once the tide rises later on Monday.

苏伊士运河管理局介绍,当前货轮船身已经摆正,一旦潮水上涨,将开展进一步救援工作。

全球供应链受到影响

据报道,苏伊士运河是全球最繁忙的石油、粮食运输要道之一,也是亚洲、欧洲双向运输的重要通道。全球大约30%的集装箱要经过苏伊士运河,约占全球货物贸易总额的12%。

根据苏伊士运河管理局和劳埃德情报机构的数据,每年有12亿吨货物通过水路,每天约有190万桶石油通过苏伊士运河运输。

There are 1.2 billion metric tons of cargo moving through the waterway annually, and about 1.9 million barrels of oil are shipped through the Suez Canal each day, according to the Suez Canal Authority and Lloyd's List Intelligence.

堵塞苏伊士运河货轮船身摆正

3月24日,一艘拖船在重型货轮搁浅水域作业 图源:央视新闻

海事专家表示,全球贸易将因此而遭受巨大损失。估计苏伊士运河航运中断会使全球贸易每小时损失4亿美元。

Each day of blockage disrupts more than $9 billion worth of goods, according to Lloyd’s List, which translates to about $400 million per hour.

据今日美国报道,“长赐”号重型集装箱货轮在苏伊士运河搁浅事件可能使全球供应链出现长达数月的混乱局面,导致美国的卫生纸、咖啡和家具等产品陷入短缺。

The blockage of the Suez Canal by a skyscraper-sized cargo ship could worsen monthslong snarls in the global supply chain, causing shortages of products such as toilet paper, coffee and furniture in the US.

据彭博社报道,生产厕纸用纸浆的全球最大供应商之一——巴西公司Suzano SA负责人表示,苏伊士运河的堵塞可能会延迟纸浆运输,并因此导致商店厕纸短缺。

此外,堵在苏伊士运河的还有满载咖啡的运输集装箱,由于运输延迟,欧洲人可能将感受到咖啡短缺。

外媒:数千牛羊面临“灭顶之灾”

除了对全球经贸活动造成严重干扰之外,苏伊士运河“堵船”事件更为一些货船上的活物带来“灭顶之灾”。

据卫报报道,受困船只当中至少有20艘装满牲畜,动物保护组织方面提供的数据显示,其中有5艘来自西班牙、9艘来自罗马尼亚,船上搭载的牲畜多为牛羊,受困动物总数约为数千。

At least 20 of the boats delayed due to a stricken container ship in the Suez canal are carrying livestock, according to marine tracking data, raising concerns about the welfare of the animals if the logjam becomes protracted.

Five of the ships identified had loaded animals in Spain, and nine had loaded in Romania earlier this month, according to the NGO Animals International.

堵塞苏伊士运河货轮船身摆正

3月25日,卫星显示的货轮搁浅情况 图源:路透社

“国际动物组织”欧盟地区协调员魏丁格尔表示,受困动物很可能面临饥饿、脱水和伤病等情况,这些货船所搭载的实际上是一颗“生化定时炸弹”。

“Getting stuck on board means there is a risk for the animals of starvation, dehydration, injuries, waste buildup so they can’t lie down, and nor can the crew get rid of dead animal bodies in the Suez canal. It’s basically a ticking biohazard timebomb for animals and the crew and any person involved,” Gerit Weidinger, EU coordinator for Animals International said.

魏丁格尔表示:“受困动物很可能面临饥饿、脱水和伤病等情况。由于货舱内便溺堆积,很多动物无法躺下休息。若动物出现死亡情况,船员也不能将它们的尸体直接丢弃至苏伊士运河内。当前这些货船上所搭载的实际上是一颗‘生化定时炸弹’,无论是动物还是船员都有可能因此而遭殃。来源:中国日报 央视新闻 新华网 环球时报 卫报 彭博社 路透社 今日美国 卫报 来源:中国日报双语新闻

标签: 苏伊士运河 船身